The territory of the Catanzaro area is strongly irregular due to a continuous sequence of ridges and valleys. This is the result of the excavation action that the waters of rivers and streams have exerted on the sloping slopes since they descend from the Sila Massif towards the narrow coastal strip and the sea.
There are numerous watercourses, different in flow rate and size, but all capable of arousing the interest of naturalists and hikers because of the extraordinary atmosphere that surrounds the wild flow of always limpid waters and incredibly harmonious loud sounds.
Considering the rivers, even the ones with the longest courses always have a torrential shape, with a very variable flow depending on season and rainfall. On the whole, however, the waterways of the area constitute an efficient natural plumbing system, able to regulate the meteoric outflows and at the same time to maintain a substantial water balance in the territory.
A distinctive trait that makes this territory certainly attractive is the presence of a large number of small but suggestive waterfalls, not only along the main water courses but also along the minor ones. This is given by the sudden differences in altitude that affect the bed of rivers and streams in a territory characterized by steep slopes and a discontinuous morphology.
The slow and persistent erosive action of waters which has been taking place over the millennia is also due to the presence of gorges and canyons of extraordinary beauty, sometimes unique in Europe for their peculiar geological features. They are real naturalistic treasures, adorned with lush green vegetation and able to amaze any observer, where the water and the sheltered position contribute to create very special microclimates that make the growth of rare plant associations and surprising biodiversity supply possible.